Forty whites and sixty to seventy blacks have been arrested, and hundreds of wounded civilians have poured into Grady Hospital seeking medical attention. Over the next few days, small white vigilante groups track down and murder African Americans suspected of various crimes. The attacks become more and more isolated as rumors of large-scale counter-attacks from the African American community sweep through the city. By September 25th, efforts to end the conflict are underway, and black and white city leaders call for an end to the violence and bloodshed.
After the riot, black and white city leaders meet to discuss ways to move on and begin to rebuild Atlanta’s reputation. The riot will shape the development of Atlanta’s neighborhoods and communities for generations to come. African American business owners will abandon the central business district and move their businesses closer to black neighborhoods. Public areas will become increasingly segregated, and the African American community will turn inward, focusing on creating their own self-sustaining communities independent of their white neighbors.
This concludes the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot live blog event. This event was edited by Trevor Beemon, Manager of Digital Communications at the Atlanta History Center. All of the images and documents included in this event are courtesy of the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Special thanks to Sue VerHoef, Archivist; Paige Adair, Manager of Reprographic Services; and Heather Thayer Culligan, Collections Manager, for their help and support.
“I do not believe that violence would have been resorted to if it had not been for the inflammatory, sensational newspaper extras that were continually flooding the streets; and the reports they contained, in some instances, were, upon investigation, found to be utterly void of any foundation.”
J. G. Woodward
September 26, 1906
“We utterly condemn and repudiate the terrible wrong done on the streets of our City, and locality, in the killing of innocent people, caused by the action of mobs in disregard of the law. Such conduct does not represent our city or people, and we pledge the city government with all of the power at its command to put down all such conduct.”
Atlanta City Council
September 25, 1906
After the riots, “I knew that Atlanta had already killed all the people she cared to stand for at this time. I was to have been dealt with another way. I did not care to be made a slave on a Georgia chaingang and the only other alternative I had was to get out of Atlanta.”
James Max Barber on the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot