Five (More) Beautiful Buildings Atlanta Destroyed
Fulton County Courthouse
Built in 1881 at the corner of Hunter Street (now Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive) and Pryor Street, the county’s second courthouse building was designed by the architectural firm of Perkins & Bruce. It was demolished in 1911 to make way for a new courthouse at the same location.
Located on Peachtree Street in downtown Atlanta, the Howard Theater opened December 13, 1920. It was designed by the architectural firm of Hentz, Reid & Adler and decorated by W. E. Browne. In 1930, the name changed to the Paramount Theater. The building was demolished in 1960 and replaced with a building which was also demolished. Today the site is empty.
The Peachtree Arcade, Atlanta’s first enclosed shopping mall, was designed by A. Ten Eyck Brown and was completed in 1917. It featured Beaux-Arts style facades that opened onto both Peachtree and Broad Streets. Inside, the building featured a three-tiered corridor of shops covered by an iron and glass ceiling. The building was demolished in 1964 to make way for the First National Bank of Atlanta (now the State of Georgia Building).
Grand Opera House
The Grand Opera House was built on Peachtree Street in 1893 by Laurent DeGive as a larger and more elaborate successor to the DeGive Opera House located on the corner of Marietta and Forsyth Streets. The Grand came under the management of Marcus Loew’s Theater organization in 1916. In 1932, in order to compete with movie theaters, the Loew’s Grand Theater was renovated by architect Thomas W. Lamb. The one screen theater had 2088 seats. The theater was the site of the movie premiere of Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind in 1939. The theater closed in 1977 and caught fire January 30, 1978. The damage led to the demolition of the historic venue. The Georgia-Pacific Tower occupies the site today.
1895 Cotton States and International Exposition Buildings
The Cotton States and International Exposition was an event that took place during the fall of 1895 in Atlanta’s Piedmont Park. The Exposition was meant to foster trade between southern states and South American nations and to exhibit the resources of the region to the world. Most of the buildings constructed for the exposition were meant to be temporary and were demolished after the exposition concluded and sold for scrap. In 1904, the city of Atlanta purchased Piedmont Park from the Piedmont Park Exposition Company and extended the city limits north to include the park.